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高考时态语态填空,高中时态语态填空题

tamoadmin 2024-07-10 人已围观

简介1.高中英语时态与语态题目,求详细解题步骤谢谢!!!2.英语语法填空题答题技巧3.几道英语时态,语态,虚拟语气,情态动词的高中题4.英语学习资料:2015年高考英语同步训练之动词的时态和语态5.动词时态、语态习题(求答案)甚急!6.高中英语语法填空答题的技巧有哪些travel (原形)saying (现在分词作伴随性状语)reads (三单,一般现在时)seated (过去分词表示状态,就坐的意思

1.高中英语时态与语态题目,求详细解题步骤谢谢!!!

2.英语语法填空题答题技巧

3.几道英语时态,语态,虚拟语气,情态动词的高中题

4.英语学习资料:2015年高考英语同步训练之动词的时态和语态

5.动词时态、语态习题(求答案)甚急!

6.高中英语语法填空答题的技巧有哪些

高考时态语态填空,高中时态语态填空题

travel (原形)

saying (现在分词作伴随性状语)

reads (三单,一般现在时)

seated (过去分词表示状态,就坐的意思)

to share (动词不定式)

is crowded (拥挤的,用过去分词作形容词,作表语,前面看错了,应该是“拥挤的”,这句意思是:即使饭店很拥挤,也别指望和别人拼桌,特此更正!)

enjoy(原形,一般现在时,hope +从句,hope to do,但没有hope sb. to do的用法哦)

are permitted (被动)

called (过去分词表被动,被称之为,要用非谓语形式,因为后面有谓语comes了)

add(原形,前面的助动词do加强语气)

高中英语时态与语态题目,求详细解题步骤谢谢!!!

具体解析语法填空技巧

技巧一:名词形式变化。名词的形式变化主要有单数、复数、所有格的变化。

技巧二:动词形式变化。动词的形式变化比较多,有谓语的变化(时态、语态、语气),有非谓语的变化(不定式、动名词、现在分词、过去分词)。

技巧三:代词形式变化。代词形式变化通常是与人称变化有关。即人称代词(主格和宾格)、物主代词(形容词性和名词性)、反身代词。还有几个不定代词的形式变化,如no one/none、other/another。指示代词(it 和this)it 用作引导词等。

技巧四:形容词、副词比较级变化。英语中大部分形容词和表方式的副词都有原级、比较级和最高级的变化。构成比较级和最高级的方式,或通过加后缀-er 和-est,或在词前加more/less 和most/least,且形容词的绝对最高级还要冠以the。

技巧五:数词形式变化。数词的形式变化包括基数词、序数词,或加后缀-teen、-ty 的变化,甚至还有作分母用的序数词的单复数形式,以及one/two 的特殊变化形式once/twice。

技巧六:词的派生。词的派生现象在英语单词中是很常见的,派生现象主要发生在名词、动词、形容词、副词四种词中。这种题型还有可能检测学生对词根、前后缀、派生词的掌握。

技巧七:固定短语结构。根据句中横线前后及整句来判断横线前后是否构成一个固定短语,但有时要对横线前或后的几个单词结合看才能命中答案。

技巧八:从句引导词。从句是此题型最为常见的一个方向,主要考查学生对各种从句掌握程度。

技巧九:短语动词结构。短语动词是以动词为中心的两个或多个词构成的短语,此类短语中往往是动词与介词或副词连用的多些。

技巧十:介词、短语介词结构。常用的介词有in,at,on,before,during 等,通常考查固定搭配。短语介词即多个词的组合起介词作用的短语,如:except for,due to 等。

技巧十一:连词、关联短语结构。常用的连词有and,or,but,so,for,while 等,常用的关联短语both……and,either……or,neither……nor,not only……but also 等。

技巧十二:冠词无提示词名词之前。冠词只能是在a,an,the之间判断。

技巧十三:上下文中出现的相关词。这是较难的,但也是通过上下文去做题时最有效的方法。学生可以根据上下文关系和自己积累的知识,填入某个词。

英语语法填空题答题技巧

18.C 他 那会在读书, 用过去进行时,表示当时的动作正在发生

19. D 根据后句,不知完没,说明去年一直在写,用过去进行时, 用过去时表示写完了。

20.C 表示两个人同时在进行动作,while是暗示点, 两个句子都用过去进行时。

几道英语时态,语态,虚拟语气,情态动词的高中题

 高考英语是有规律的,即考过的老题会不断地重复。高考英语语法也是一样的需要多练获得感觉,我在这里整理了相关资料,希望能帮助到您。

 高考英语语法填空解题策略

 解题策略

 一、读懂首句,判断体裁,确定时态

 二、动脑思考,分析推理

 三、通读全文,验证所填的词

 考查范围

 一、语境(上下文)

 二、语法:动词(时态、语态、非谓语形式)、名词、代词、冠词、介词、固定搭配、情态动词、复合句、形容词和副词的比较级、最高级及构词法、倒装等。

 解题技巧

 冠词:a, an, the

 介词:in, on, at, with, as(作为), before, after, by, from, through, to, for等

 代词:one, another, other, both, none,I, we, you等人称

 连词:

 (1) and, or, but,however (用于两个完整的句子之间)

 (2) that, which,who, whom, whose, when, where, why (引导定语从句)

 (3) that, whether,if, whose, which, who, what, when, where, how, why (引导名词性从句)

 (4) when, before,after, until, while, because, so, if, unless, although, as (引导状语从句)

 (一)无提示词

 1. 缺主语或宾语,一定是填代词或名词(多考代词)

 例:She did not hesitate for long : although her father smoked a pipe only once in a while, she knew that this was a present which was bound to please( ). (2009年广东高考)

 解析:不定式后动词please缺少宾语,应填代词;又从文章和句子意思可知是给父亲买礼物,使他高兴,确定填?her。

 2. 如果句子基本结构完整,名词前面无限定词(冠词、不定代词和形容词性物主代词),则设在该名词前的空格很大可能是填限定词。

 例:It is said that a short-tempered man in the Song Dynasty (960?1279) was very anxious to help( )rice crop grow upquickly. (2008年广东高考)

 解析:名词rice crop前还没有限定词,应当填限定词;根据句意,这个急性子人当然是急于使“他的”禾苗长得快,故填形容词性物主代词his。

 3. 如果句子基本结构完整,名词或代词在句中既不作主语、表语,也不作动词的宾语时,其前面的空格通常是填介词。

 例:When Jane got home, with her small but well-chosen present in her bag, her parents were already ( )table having supper. (2009年广东高考)

 解析:分析句子知道名词table在句中不作主语、宾语,也不作were的表语,空格处应填介词,使table成为介词的宾语;根据having supper确定应填介词at,at table表示“在餐桌边,在进餐”,是固定搭配。

 4. 如果两个句子(即两个主谓结构)之间没有分号或句号,也没有关联词连接或引导,则填并列连词或从属连词。

 例: He was very tired from/after doing this for a whole day, ( ) he felt very happy since the crop did “grow” higher. (2008年广东高考)

 解析:两个句子间是逗号且无关联词连接,则空格处一定是填关联词;再根据前一句他感到very tired和后一句子的very happy得出前后为转折关系,确定填并列连词but。

 5. 和it有关的一些特殊句型也是判断纯填空题的一个重要技巧。

 (1)根据it作形式主语或形式宾语的句型来判断空格处是否应填it。

 例:She remembered how difficult ( ) was to choose a suitable Christmas present for her father.

 解析:分析句子可知,宾语从句中真正的主语是后面的不定式to choose?,空格处应填入作形式主语的it。

 (2)根据强调句结构:“It is/was+被强调部分+ that/who+句子剩下部分”,来判断空格处填it还是that。

 例: ? and ( )was only after I heard she became sick that I learned she couldn?t eat MSG. (广州一模)

 解析:分析句子结构,可知该句为强调句句型应填it。

 强调句判断方法:

 将it is/was...与连接词去掉,句子仍然完整正确,就为强调句型。

 (二)有提示词

 1.动词:

 (1) 给出的提示词为动词时,考生应首先分析句子结构,判断该动词在句中是谓语动词还是非谓语动词,或者是否需要转换词性等,然后再具体解题。

 例: ? people stepped on your feet or ( ) (push) you with their elbows, hurrying ahead to get to a bargain. (2009年广东高考)

 解析:提示词push在句中与stepped作并列谓语,要用一般过去时,填pushed。

 (2)如果一个句子没有谓语动词,或者提示词与已有谓语动词之间是并列关系时,所给提示词就是谓语动词,此时要根据语境考虑时态和语态。

 例:Her mother was excited. “You father has at last decided to stop smoking,” Jane( ) (inform). (2009年广东高考)

 解析: 主句没有谓语,考时态和语态;根据文章意思可知Jane是“被”她母亲告知父亲决定戒烟的,确定应用一般过去时和被动语态,填was informed。

 (3)如果句子已有谓语动词,给出的动词提示词也不作并列谓语时,则考查非谓语动词,这时要根据句子所缺成分和非谓语动词各自用法特点,选择动词-ing 、动词-ed 和不定式,具体确定方法如下:

 提示词在句中作目的状语、only后的结果状语、情感形容词或动词后的原因状语时,通常用不定式。

 例:For example, the proverb, “ plucking up a crop( )(help) it grow”, is based on the following story. (2008年广东高考)

 解析: 分析结构可知句子已有谓语is based,help在此为非谓语;根据句子意思,把禾苗拔高的目的是帮助它们长高,确定用不定式作目的状语,填to help。

 (4)提示词给的是动词有时也会考查词类转换,考生须仔细分析句子结构,正确填词。

 例:But Jane knew from her past experience that her( ) (choose) of ties hardly ever pleased her father.(2009年广东高考)

 解析:分析句子可知,choose在同位语从句中作主语,且在形容词性物主代词her后,确定用名词形式choice。

 2.形容词和副词

 (1)提示词为形容词或副词,重点考察它们的比较等级、形容词副词之间的词性转换,具体解题技巧如下:

 考察形容词和副词的比较等级。一般来说,如果有表示范围的in/of介词短语,用最高级;than的前面要用比较级,但考生要特别注意的是,在特定语境中, “than+ 比较对象”和表示比较范围的of/in短语常常被省略。

 例:The water was simply the container for an act of kindness and love. Nothing could be __39__(sweet)”.(2010年广东高考)

 解析: 由语境可知,这水是好心和爱的表现,没有什么比它更甜了,这是省略了than the water的隐性比较级,确定填sweeter。

 (2)形容词和副词之间的词类转换。修饰动词、形容词、副词或整个句子,作状语,用副词形式;作表语、定语或补语,通常用形容词形式。

 例:His teacher took a deep drink, smiled ( ) (warm), and thanked his student very much for the sweet water. (2010年广东高考)

 解析: 修饰动词smiled要用warm的副词形式,确定填warmly。

 总结

 一、首先熟悉语境

 二、对于连词、介词、关系代词、关系副词等,不仅要理解它们的意思,还要熟记它们,在考试时能准确、快速地提取它们

 三、对于动词,要掌握常用的时态、语态和非谓语动词的用法

 四、对于句子,要能够分析其结构,懂得在什么时候该用什么词性

 五、对于单词,不仅要背诵其意义和拼写,还要掌握基本的词形变换

 提高英语成绩的方法

 一、技巧提升保持高水平竞技状态

 首先,请每天下午三点开始复习英语。一定要把自己的状态调整成:下午做英语越做越兴奋。否则很容易节奏大乱。

 同时,整张试卷的时间分配也要有所讲究。150分满分,平时考七八十分的同学,CD两篇可适当加速,为其他题目留些时间。听力满分的同学,听力的第二遍建议你快速去做点单选语法填空。Be clever!

 二、坚持用听力原文煲耳朵

 听力有问题,就要坚持每天至少听30分钟原文。具体操作应该是:先听一遍,找出自己听得不好的段落,然后进行反复地跟读模仿,最后再盲听几遍。每天这样重复,一定要保证自己有个类似这样的高强度煲耳朵的过程。

 三、单词、语法只看高频

 如果考生在这个阶段才终于下定决心要背单词了,或者要学语法了,那么请千万千万不要翻开一本单词书从a开始背,也不要打开一本语法书,从名词开始看。

 一定要重视高频!词汇应该只看考了很多次的(实在没有这样的资料可以下载新东方的手机软件“精雕细课”)。

 语法也应该先看单选、语法填空、短文改错中考了很多次的语法点。如时态、非谓语等。建议翻开任意一本语法书,按以下顺序过一遍语法:句子五种基本结构-时态-非谓语动词-状语从句-虚拟语气-定语从句-名词性从句-情态动词。

 四、抓规律认真总结历届高考真题

 高考英语是有规律的,即考过的老题会不断地重复。所以认认真真地将本地的2010-2015年高考真题从头做到尾并且保证没有一道题会忘记、没有一道题难以理解、没有一个单词搞不懂、没有一个句子看不明白,就一定能够有不小的收获。

 五、无惧“没语感” 背下至少6篇完形

 不要被“语感”这个词搞得浑浑噩噩,觉得自己没有语感就完蛋了。事实上所谓的“语感”,都是建立在大量的输入的基础上的。所以背下近年至少6篇完形,会对完形不太好的同学有极强的帮助。背不下来读熟也可以。同时,完形由于可考的单词有限,一定会海量重复。多多背完形,就会看到老单词老考法。

 六、答题技巧 善于利用选项分布

 几乎所有的标准化考试,选项都必须是平均分布的。如果我们在做题时,发现完形的选项出现了3377这种分布,铁定要把一些CD改成AB. 所以建议各位考生,遇到拿不准的选项,一定要有标记!否则太容易把对的改错了。一般来说,完形选项数量不会出现除了456以外的数字。

 七、取他山之石 攻写作

 高考英语试卷,阅读和完形里面的句型对作文写作帮助巨大,所以此时不利用更待何时?考生们一定要利用完形(一般都是记叙文)的好词好句型来润景作文。一定要利用阅读的多样化句式,来仿写自己的多样化句式。这是现成的句子词汇素材库!但不宜完全照搬。

 八、完善知识结构 每天抄写文章

 抄写文章的内容可以是写作高分范文,也可以是阅读文章,两者都对考生有奇效。同时还可以让考生对于介词、冠词等小词的使用有个基本概念。要知道,大部分学生是有介词过滤症的,在阅读时眼中是没有介词这个概念的,直接忽略了?抄写可以令考生重新关注这些词的使用。

 九、坚持练字 提交清爽卷面

 写作,不仅仅是个展现英文水平的项目。因为100字左右的表达,即使是经验最丰富的阅卷老师,要在短时间之内做到:赏析文法、审核要点、考查流畅,难度都很大。字迹工整、清晰在很大程度上会帮助老师关注你的文章,进而得到更高的分数,所以,要练字,考试时候可适当打打草稿。

 十、考前热耳朵

 综合考试结束,下午英语听力考试开始前,请在午睡后保证一直在听英语。热身热耳朵会保证听力一下子进入状态。要知道,听力失分最多的项目,竟然是最简单的短对话。

英语学习资料:2015年高考英语同步训练之动词的时态和语态

1 Years ago,we did not know this,but recent science ___ that people who don't sleep well soon get ill.

A showed B has showed C will show D is showing

答案是B,为什么不是A?

看到横线后面的句子吗,是一般现在时。而且主语是recent science 近来的科学。

2. The year 2002 ___ remarkable changes in shanghai's landscape.

A sees B has seen C saw Dhad seen

答案是C,请解释并翻译一下。

主语是The year 2002 所以用过去式。

3. I would have finished the work more quickly,but I ____ that you were waiting.

A. hadn't known B. wouldn't known C. haven't known D. don't known

答案是A,Why?

意思是我本能够更快一些完成工作,但是我不知道你在等我。你在等用的是过去式,我不知道这个动作发生在你在等之前。

4. Because the shop ___ , all the T-shirts are sold at half price.

A . has closed down B. closed down C is closing down D. had closed down

答案是C,为什么呢?

所有的T恤现在被以半价卖掉,所以这个商店快要倒闭了。

5. The dission _____ alive when an interesting topic was brought in.

A was coming B. had come C has come D. came

答案是D,问什么A 不对。

时间状语用的是过去式,所以前后时态一致。

6.Now that she is out of job,Lucky ___ going back to school,but she hasn't decided yet.

A . had considersd B. has been considering

C.considersd D.is going to considER

答案是B. C 哪错了?

最后半句说她还没决定,所以说她一直在考虑。现在完成进行时表示从过去的某一点发生,现在还在进行的动作。

7——What are you going to do this afternoon?

——I'm going to the cinema with som friends. The film ___ quite early, so we _____ to the bookstore after that.

A. finished ; are going B. finished; go

C.finishes; are going D. finishes; go

答案是C, 第二空“so we are going to the bookstore” 我觉得应该是"so we are going to go to the bookstore".对不?

道理上对,但是和前面的重复了,为了避免重复,所以省掉了。依然表示将要去。

8. Under more favorable conditions,we _____ better.

A. could be done B. could have done C. should do D. needn't have done

答案是B, 我选了C。

因为有more,所以用虚拟语气。如果没有more,用C可以。

动词时态、语态习题(求答案)甚急!

2015年高考英语同步训练之动词的时态和语态

Ⅰ.单项填空

2013年高考真题:

1. “What do you want to be?” asked Mrs. Crawford. “Oh, I ______ president,” said the boy, with a *** ile.(湖南)

A. have been B. am

C. was D. will be

2. Around two o'clock every night, Sue will start talking in her dream. It somewhat ______ us.(湖南)

A. bothers B. had bothered

C. would bother D. bothered

3. If nothing ______, the oceans will turn into fish deserts.(湖南)

A. does B. had been done

C. will do D. is done

4. — Have you heard about the recent election?

— Sure, it ______ the only thing on the news for the last three days.(湖南)

A. would be B. is

C. has been D. will be

5. — I don't understand why you didn't go to the lecture yesterday afternoon.

— I'm so sorry. But I ______ my homework. (湖南)

A. had done B. was doing

C. would do D. am doing

6. Shakespeare's play Hamlet ______ into at least ten different films over the past years. (北京)

A. had been made B. was made

C. has been made D. would be made

7. — Do you think Mom and Dad ______ late?

— No, Swiss Air is usually on time.(北京)

A. were B. will be

C. would be D. have been

8. Hurry up! Mark and Carol ______ us.(北京)

A. expect B. are expecting

C. have expected D. will expect

9. — So what is the procedure?

— All the applicants ______ before a final decision is made by the authority. (北京)

A. interview

B. are interviewing

C. are interviewed

D. are being interviewed

10. We ______ very early so we packed the night before.(新课标Ⅱ)

A. leave B. had left

C. were leaving D. have left

11. If we ______ now to protect the environment, we'll live to regret it. (新课标Ⅰ)

A. hadn't acted B. haven't acted

C. don't act D. won't act

12. When I first met Bryan I didn't like him, but I ______ my mind.(新课标Ⅰ)

A. have changed B. change

C. had changed D. would change

13. I ______ to visit you later that day, but I had to phone and cancel.(江西)

A. e B. came

C. am ing D. was ing

14. He was unhappy when he sold his guitar. After all, he ______ it for a very long time. (辽宁)

A. has had B. had had

C. has D. had

15. We are confident that the environment ______ by our further efforts to reduce pollution.(辽宁)

A. had been improved

B. will be improved

C. is improved

D. was improved

16. I didn't think I'd like the movie, but actually it ______ pretty good. (山东)

A. has been B. was

C. had been D. would be

17. — Oh no! We're too late. The train ______.

— That's OK. We'll catch the next train to London. (山东)

A. was leaving B. had left

C. has left D. has been leaving

18. The famous musician, as well as his students, ______ to perform at the opening ceremony of the 2012 Taipei Flower Expo.(福建)

A. were invited

B. was invited

C. have been invited

D. has been invited

19. The girl has a great interest in sport and ______ badminton classes twice a week over the last three years.(福建)

A. took B. is taking

C. takes D. has been taking

20. Generally, students' inner motivation with high expectations from others ______ essential to their development.(江苏)

A. is B. are

C. was D. were

21. — Could I use your car tomorrow morning?

— Sure. I ______ a report at home.(江苏)

A. will be writing B. will have written

C. have written D. have been writing

22. — What about your self?drive trip yesterday?

— Tiring! The road is being widened, and we ______ a rough ride.(江苏)

A. had B. have

C. would have D. have had

23. On Monday mornings it usually ______ me an hour to drive to work although the actual distance is only 20 miles. (陕西)

A. takes B. is taking

C. took D. will take

24. Jim ______ a late night film at home when, right in the middle of a thrilling scene, the television went blank.(陕西)

A. watched B. had watched

C. was watching D. would be watching

25. Hurry up, kids! The school bus ______ for us!(四川)

A. waits B. was waiting

C. waited D. is waiting

26. The water supply has been cut off temporarily because the workers ______ one of the main pipes.(天津)

A. had repaired B. have repaired

C. repaired D. are repairing

27. During the last three decades, the number of people participating in physical fitness programs ______ sharply.(浙江)

A. was increasing B. has increased

C. had increased D. will be increasing

28. I felt very tired when I got home, and I ______ straight to bed.(重庆)

A. go B. went

C. had gone D. have gone

29. A Midsummer Night's Dream ______ at the Theatre Royal on 19th June, and then tours throughout Scotland.(重庆)

A. opens B. is opened

C. will open D. will be opened

30. I'm calling about the apartment you ______ the other day. Could you tell me more about it?(安徽)

A. advertised B. had advertised

C. are advertising D. will advertise

2014届模拟题:

31. Mr. Black ______ for Shanghai in a few days. Do you know when the earliest plane ______ on Sunday?(中原名校联盟高三上期第一次摸底考试)

A. leaves; takes off

B. leaves; is taking off

C. is leaving; is taking off

D. is leaving; takes off

32. The shoes are of high quality and ______ long.(中原名校联盟高三上期第一次摸底考试)

A. wore B. are worn

C. wear D. will be worn

33. Yesterday afternoon, I ______ basketball with my clas *** ates for two hours.(耒阳二中高三第一次月考摸底考试)

A. play B. played

C. have played D. had played

34. Over the past decades, sea ice ______ in the Arctic as a result of global warming.(黑龙江省双鸭山市第一中学高三第一次月考)

A. had decreased

B. decreased

C. has been decreasing

D. is decreasing

35. Mr. White ______ his racing bicycle by himself yesterday, but I'm not sure whether it is ready.(衡阳市第八中学高三上期第二次月考)

A. repaired B. had repaired

C. was repairing D. would repair

36. It was reported that an agreement ______ between the two panies and that they would carry out a project together.(衡阳市第八中学高三上期第二次月考)

A. reached B. had been reached

C. was reached D. has been reached

37. Our new English teacher, who is said to have moved back to China, ______ in America for almost ten years.(安庆市望江中学高三上期期中考试)

A. lived B. has lived

C. was living D. had lived

38. He ______ football regularly for many years when he was young.(桂林市十八中高三上期第三次月考)

A. was playing B. has played

C. played D. had played

39. — How did you catch the thief?

— Well, he ______ some goods into his bag when I came around a corner in the shop. So I caught him.(吉林市普通中学高三开学摸底考试)

A. was putting B. was put

C. have put D. had put

40. — Dear me! I ______ you at first sight! But you do have changed a lot!

— Nor ______ I! You are no longer the Fat Girl! (淮安市清江中学高三上学期第一次月考)

A. haven't recognized; have

B. hadn't recognized; had

C. don't recognize; do

D. didn't recognize; did

41. — Hi, Michelle,I can't find my e?dictionary.

— Sorry, I ______ it. I guess I put it on the top shelf with my things.(江西省红色六校高三上学期第一次联考)

A. had used B. used

C. was using D. am using

42. There are frequently reports of accidents as fireworks ______, stored or transported. (辽宁省瓦房店高级中学高三10月月考)

A. have been made

B. are being made

C. were made

D. have made

43. — Mr. Harry, we want to hear what you think about the reform being carried out in our school.

— OK, I ______ to that.(潍坊市潍坊一中高三上学期10月份阶段性检测)

A. am ing B. have e

C. came D. e

44. Since Jack was laid off from his job three months ago, he ______ a new one, but without luck.(潍坊市潍坊一中高三上学期10月份阶段性检测)

A. looked for B. had looked for

C. is looking for D. has been looking for

45. Rain and high winds today ______ to take the place of yesterday's mild conditions.(烟台二中高三10月月考)

A. expect B. are expected

C. are expecting D. has expected

46. She gave me half, and ______ the other half for her hu *** and.(枣庄市滕州一中高三10月第一次单元测试)

A. kept B. had kept

C. keeps D. will keep

47. The puters made by our pany sell best, but several years ago no one could have imagined the role in the markets that they ______. (西安市长安区一中高三上学期第一次模拟考试)

A. were playing B. were to play

C. had played D. played

48. — You've left the light on.

— Oh, so I have. ______ to turn it off.(福建省德化一中高三上学期第二次质检)

A. I'll go B. I've gone

C. I go D. I'm going

49. Japan's economy ______ in the past twenty years. No one knows how long it ______ before it regains its increase.(成都七中高三上学期期中考试)

A. has been declining; will be

B. has declined; would be

C. had been in decline; would take

D. was on the decline; will take

50. The news came as no surprise to me. I ______ for some time that the factory was going to shut down.(泸州市泸县第九中学高三上学期第一次诊断模拟考试)

A. knew B. know

C. have known D. had known

Ⅱ.根据句子提供的语境,用动词的适当形式(时态和语态)完成句子

1. The play which ________________ (produce) next month aims mainly to reflect the local culture.

2. Please do me a favor — ________________ (invite)my friend Mr. Smith to Youth Theater at 7:30 tonight.

3. The plans to bring in new laws which ________________ (force) parents to take more responsibilities for the education of their children.

4. A *** all plane crashed into a hillside five miles east of the city and ________________ (kill) all four people on board.

5. There is a great deal of evidence which ________________ (indicate) that music activities engage different parts of the brain.

6. Michael's new house is like a huge palace, if it ________________ (pare) with his old one.

7. — Why does the lake *** ell terrible?

— Because large quantities of water ________________ (pollute).

8. According to the literary review, Shakespeare ________________ (make) his charities live through their language in his plays.

9. Would you please keep silent? The weather report ________________ (broadcast) and I want to listen.

10. — The food here is nice enough.

— My friend ________________ (introduce) me a right place.

11. — What is the price of petrol these days?

— Oh, it ________________ (rise) sharply since last month.

12. His sister left home in 1998, and ________________ (hear of) since.

13. The number of foreign students attending Chinese universities ________________ (rise) steadily since 1990.

14. I was out of town at the time, so I don't know exactly how it ________________ (happen).

15. Dr. Smith, together with his wife and daughters, ________________ (visit) Beijing next summer.

16. Mary went to the box office at lunchtime, but all the tickets ________________ (sell) out.

17. — What do you think of the movie?

— It's fantastic. The only pity is that I ________________ (miss) the beginning of it.

18. She stared at the painting, wondering where she ________________ (see) it.

19. — I've got to go now.

— Must you? I ________________ (think)you could stay for dinner with us.

20. Progress ________________ (be) so far very good and we are sure that the work will be finished on time.

21. The population of Jiangsu ________________ (grow)to more than twice what it was in 1949. The figure is now approaching 74 million.

22. — Good morning, Terry, can I use your puter for a while this afternoon?

— Sorry. It ________________ (use).

23. — Ann is in hospital.

— Oh, really? I ________________ (not know). I ________________ (go) and visit her.

24. Great changes ________________ (take) place at the end of the 1980s.

25. Great changes ________________ (take) place since the end of the 1980s.

26. Great changes ________________ (take) place by the end of the 1980s.

27. When I last saw her, she ________________ (read) Harry Potter.

28. When the meeting ________________ (begin),please e and take some notes. I think you know when the meeting ________________ (begin).

第6节

Ⅰ.1. D 根据问句:你想当什么?可知时态为一般将来时态,故答案选D。

2. A 根据标志词every night及意识到句中will表示一种习惯性动作,故使用一般现在时态。

3. D nothing与do之间为被动关系,只能选B、D;主句用一般将来时态可知,条件状语从句使用一般现在时态表示将来。故答案选D。

4. C 根据标志词for the last three days用现在完成时态,故答案选C。

5. B 根据语境,没去听课,是因为“在”做作业,用进行时。时间状语是“yesterday afternoon”所以用过去进行时态,故答案选B。

6. C 根据标志词over the past years应使用现在完成时态。

7. B 句意:你认为父母会迟到吗?故答案选B。

8. B 根据Hurry up!可知,Mark和Carol正在等我们。故选B,现在进行时态。

9. C applicants与interview之间为被动关系,用被动语态;且句子描述一般情况,用一般现在时态。故答案选C。

10. C 句意:我们会很早离开,所以我们前一天晚上就打好包了,故使用过去进行时表过去将来的动作。故答案选C。

11. C 主句用一般将来时态,从句应使用一般现在时态,故答案选C。

12. A 句意:第一次见到Bryan时我不喜欢他,但现在我已经改变我的想法了。

13. D 句意:我那天本要去看你,但我不得不打电话取消, e的过去进行时态表过去将来。

14. B 句意:“卖”用sold,一般过去时, “拥有”是 “卖”之前的事,故用过去完成时态。

15. B 句意:我们充满信心……,证明此事还未发生,故使用一般将来时态,故答案选B。

16. B 句意:我认为我不会喜欢这部**,而实际上这是部相当好的**。根据上下时态一致,用一般过去时态陈述过去的事实。

17. C 句意:——我们太晚了,火车已经离开。——没关系,我们可以赶下一趟火车去伦敦。“已经离开”用现在完成时。

18. B as well as之前的musician为句子主语, 对应谓语使用单数;再根据标志性词语at the opening ceremony of the 2012 Taipei Flower Expo可知应使用一般过去时态。故答案选B。

19. D 根据标志词over the last three years 可知答案为D。

20. A 主语为motivation,故谓语为单数;根据语境及generally可知,描述的为一般情况,故使用一般现在时态,故答案选A。

21. A 句意为:——明天早上我可以用下你的车吗?——当然。我那时将会在家写报告。将来进行时态,表示将来的某一时间段正在发生的动作。故答案选A。

22. A 句意:我们昨天的自驾旅行是一次颠簸的旅行。故选一般过去时态。

23. A 根据标志词on Monday mornings,usually可以判断应用一般现在时态。故答案选A。

24. C 固定句型:was/ were doing sth. when…意为:正在做某事的时候,突然……。故答案选C,表示这一动作在过去一直在进行。

25. D 句意:快点,校车正在等我们。用现在进行时态,故答案选D。

26. D 句意:暂时断水了,因为工人在修一个主管道。根据句意,选现在进行时态。

27. B 根据标志词during the last three decades,用现在完成时态,故答案选B。

28. B 根据上下时态一致原则,and前后都应使用一般过去时态。

29. A 句意:《仲夏夜之梦》于6月19日在皇家剧院首映,然后在苏格兰各地巡回演出。根据上下时态一致原则,and前后时态一致,根据tours可知,and后也用一般现在时态。open在句中表示开演,用主动。

30. A 句中the other day为标志词,应用一般过去时。

31. D 第一空in a few days几天后用于一般将来时。第二空时刻表的动作用一般现在时表示将来。所以选D。

32. C 句意:鞋子质量好而且穿得久(耐穿)。事物的特征用一般现在时态的主动语态,所以选C。

33. B yesterday afternoon为一般过去时的标志词,所以选B。

34. C over the past (last) decades 为现在完成时的标志词,所以只有C正确。

35. C 根据上下文“我不知道他修好没有”,所以选过去进行时表示“昨天他在修自行车”。

36. B 根据上下文“两个公司之间已达成协议”,用完成时表示“已经”。另外,主句是一般过去时。所以从句相应用过去完成时。

37. A 根据上下文,老师现在已经搬回中国了,生活在美国是过去的经历,用一般过去时态。故答案选A。

38. C when he was young是具体的过去时间,所以用一般过去时态。故答案选C。

39. A 根据上下文,“当我到商店的时候,他正把东西放进口袋”,所以用过去进行时态,故答案选A。

40. D 第一空是说第一眼没认出来(后来认出来了),所以用一般过去时,第二空是倒装句,需要助动词,因为这句话完整的是:I didn't recognize you either,用倒装句是Nor did I。故答案选D。

41. B 根据上下文,“我用了(电子字典)”,是对话之前的动作,用一般过去时态。故答案选B。

42. B 根据上下文“烟花爆竹在生产,储存和运输过程中频出事故”,过程中用进行时态表示,只有B正确。

43. A 根据上下文“好的,我就说”,e, go, leave, move等表位移的动词用进行时表示将来,所以选A。

44. D 根据since句型,since引导的时间状语从句用一般过去时,主句用现在完成时。根据下文,“没有找到”,所以强调“一直在找”。所以选D。

45. B 根据上下文,“今天的大雨和大风”,用现在时。be expected to do“有望做……”,所以选B。

46. A 根据上下文,两个谓语动词并列,时态保持一致,gave为一般过去时,所以选A。

47. B 根据上下文“几年前,没人会想象它们在市场上所起的作用”,想象的是未来的事情,两者结合所以用过去将来时。were to do表示过去将来时。

48. A 根据上下文“哦,是的。我就去把它关了”,说话者表示临时的决定,用will do。be going to do表示计划好的事情。所以选A。

49. A in the past(last) twenty years为现在完成时态的标志,根据下文,“没人知道什么时候再恢复增长”,时间状语从句中regains用现在时表示将来,所以第二空用一般将来时。所以A正确。

50. D 根据标志词for some time可知用完成时态,根据上文“消息传来,我一点不奇怪”,可见在消息传来之前就已经知道了。根据came一般过去时,选择过去完成时。

Ⅱ.1. will be produced 2. invite 3. force 4. killed 5. indicates 6. is pared 7. have been polluted 8. makes 9. is being broadcast 10. introduced 11. has risen 12. has not been heard of 13. has been rising 14.happened 15. is going to visit/will visit 16. had been sold 17. missed 18. had seen 19. thought 20. has been 21. has grown 22. will be being used 23. didn't know; will go 24. took 25. have taken 26. had taken 27. was reading 28. begins; will begin

高中英语语法填空答题的技巧有哪些

我费了一个多小时的时间才写完啊!

我也是尽力了啊!

您就看着给分吧!

希望可以帮到您

对了,您不是有正确答案吗?

能否给我一份啊?

我想看看我到底正确率如何啊!

3Q

5.B 一直都在读,所以才有了头痛,have been doing ,是过去在做,现在也正在做,而将来也可能继续做的!题意是她本应该停下来的,语意就是没停,所以B

6.C 根据意义,本题是现在时态,所以BD都派出了,hear这类动词是没有doing形式的!所以选择C

意思是---你真能说啊(不嫌烦吗?这句是我感觉到的潜台词)---我只是再加才这样的!反正有没别人听见

7.C 根据题意,是过去时,所以BD都排除,而他说的是“我”问你问题的那个时间点,所以用正在进行时,意思是“你问我问题的时候,我正在听新闻”

8.A 本题我也有点模糊,主要是在AB之间徘徊,根据题意,他是告诉过他的,所以D不选择,而CD我则觉得如果选择的话,后面应该把told给写出来,不能省略的!did用在次就表示“告诉了”的意思!

9.B 本题考的主要是语态,应该用被动式,时间是被浪费的,所以CD排除,而这里明显是昨天,所以A排除

10.A 本题我也感到有点模糊(sorry,英语这东西虽然是我的强项,但是我也是中国人啊!毕竟不是母语啊!我也是本着对您负责的态度才说实话的,我是完全可以很肯定的说是A的,但是那是昧着良心做事,这个我做不来啊!)感觉AD都可以,但是A的可能性比较大,因为都是过去时,tried,failed,所以依旧并列的用法,就选了A。(其实英语题大多都是用的排除法啊!反正我就是这样的!您也看到了,还是蛮有效果的O(∩_∩)O小小自恋下O(∩_∩)O)

11.A 本题看似复杂,实则简单,B原本就是错的,排除!而CD都不对,have done 和have been doing是不和always连用的!用在次也一丝不通顺。这里是用一般现在时表示一个“习惯行动作”,也就是我们所说的“习惯”,例如he always stays up ,这个意思就是他总是熬夜,他习惯熬夜(这句我很熟悉,我们外教就经常这么在别人面前“夸”我,呵呵),而前一个exercise表示“练习题,习题,家庭作业”之类的东西,为可数名词,所以加s了,而后面那个exercise是“运动”之类的抽象东西,是不可数的!这个我是分的很清楚的!这点你也可以问你们英语老师的!我做人从来都是“知道就是知道,不知道就是不知道,从来不忽悠人”

12.X 这个题我就是真的很纠结了啊!我觉得选择C,至于为什么,嗯....这个......如果非要我说为什么,我就.......好吧,我说吧.....这是我多年写题练出来的语感(我都觉得我有点厚颜无耻啊!汗⊙﹏⊙b汗)

不过还有你自己说你有正确答案啊!您可以对照看下sorry啊!

13.D until then应该用完成时,排除AB,至于CD呢,我.....(又是语感?⊙﹏⊙b汗)

14.B 语感......⊙﹏⊙b

15.A 其实这个我也不确定啊!这个我觉得是A,用排除法,排除D,而觉得BC都不符合语法,就只剩下A了,但又觉得A也不对,只不过他是所有里面看的最顺眼的了,不得不选这个而已!

16.A 我觉得是A,would rather后面应该用虚拟语气,而这明显是过去时态,B排除,而C,D都虚拟的不正确,所以选A

17.D 用排除法,第一个应该是正在听,所以排除AB,而hear是没有doing形式的!这个我在上面是说过的啊!

18.C prove啊,dry啊,sell啊,这类词都是没有被动的啊!比如this book selles well ,而不是is sold well,这个没有为什么,只有一个字,背下来!(⊙﹏⊙b汗,好像是三个吧?呵呵)

19.选D,先选第一个,确定是are,AC排除,而D是符合语法的!

 语法填空是高考必考题型,所占分值也不容小觑,为了让英语更高分,我们必须掌握语法填空的技巧。下面是我分享的高中英语语法填空答题的技巧,一起来看看吧。

高中英语语法填空答题的技巧

 一、语法填空的考查范围:

 1.语境(上下文);

 2.语法:动词(时态、语态、主谓一致、非谓语形式)、名词、代词、冠词、介词、连词固定搭配、情态动词、复合句、形容词和副词的比较级最高级及构词法、倒装等。

 语法填空的能力要求:

 1.阅读/理解语篇的能力

 2.分析句子结构的能力

 3.熟练运用语法的能力

 4.单词拼写能力和逻辑推理能力等,对中下层考生来说,难度较大。

 二、定语从句的引导词.

 主要考查的知识点:引导定语从句的关系代词和关系副词的选择,非限制性定语从句,由whose,where,when,that,as和?介词+关系代词?引导的定语从句是高考的热点。

 复习重点:①when引导的定语从句。②where引导的定语从句和地点状语从句、表语从句的区别。③which引导非限制性定语从句时(句子作先行词)和并列句的区别。④as引导的定语从句?such...as、the same...as?,以及和目的结果状语从句的辨别。⑤分隔式定语从句的识别。⑥能够区别定语从句和同位语从句。

 例10I?ll never forget the days ________ I lived in the factory with the workers,_______ is a great help to my article.

 A. that;which B. when;which C. which;that D. when;who

 答案B 解析第一空后的分句中的谓语动词是不及物动词live,其后不需要宾语,只需要作状语的关系副词,故第一空用when;而第二个句子是对前面整个句子进行说明,因此用which。故答案为B。

 1.?The exam,was originally to be held in our classroom, was changed to the library at the last minute.(广州二模)

 2? Then I went to the department store I worked part-time and bought her an expensive gift box of Sichuan beef. (广州一模)

 3. It was a poem about me, ______ included the time ?(深二模)

 4. At the same time, there had been a growing number of overseas students _______came back to China after study. (茂名二模)

 5. More and more Chinese students go abroad for study, is supported by the Chinese . (茂名二模)

 Keys: 1. which 2. where 3. which 4. who 5. which

 三、状语从句

 主要考查的知识点:时间、目的、条件、原因、地点和让步状语从句。

 重点复习:①时间状语从句,尤其是as,since,while,when,before,until等连接词。②when / where引导的状语从句和定语从句的区别。③让步状语从句的倒装。④与非谓语动词作状语的区别和转化。

 例11After the war,a new school building was set up ______ there has once been a theatre.

 A. that B. where C. what D. who

 答案B 解析这是where引导的状语从句,不能将其视为定语从句,因为没有先行词。

 四、名词性从句

 主要考查的知识点:名词性从句主要考查语序、时态和引导词。

 重点复习:①whether,if和that的区别。②that从句和wh-从句的区别。③wh-引导的名词性从句不含疑问意义,相当于一个名词后加定语从句。如:The book is where you left it just now.④连接代词和连接副词的选择。

 例12?Excuse me,but can you tell the way to this small town?

 ?It depends on you go. There are several ways of getting there.

 A. where B. how C. when D. whether

 答案B 解析本题主要考查几个不同的疑问词引导名词性从句时意义上的区别。乍一看,本题四个选项都符合空白处的句意。但看完题目的最后一句话中的信息后方可判断应该是?怎样走?。故答案为B。

 五、时态、语态

 主要考查的知识点:动词的时态、语态是每年的必考点,也是历年高考重点考查的项目,通常考2~ 3个小题。重点考查的是现在完成时、一般过去时、过去进行时、将来完成时、完成进行时等,多和语态一起考查;且通常以对话的形式出现且常出现两种时态混合在一起进行比较。时态理解不准确是考生常见的错误。把握住命题人的意图是至关重要的。一般来说,命题人在考查时态这个内容时总是设置一个语言情景来实现,所以理解语言情景是关键,同时要在这个语言环境里找到动作发生的时间或隐含的时间关系,只要理解了情景与动作的时间关系,对照选项,就不难把握命题意图。注意不要断章取义,同时还要注意时态一致。

 重点复习:①一般现在时和一般过去时的区别。②现在完成时和一般过去时的区别。③一般过去时同过去完成时的区别。④一般现在时和现在进行时以及一般过去时同过去进行时的区别。⑤?系动词+过去分词?的用法。如:get paid;remain covered;look lost等形式的用法。⑥进行时态的被动语态及主动表被动的用法。

 例13?What were you up to when your parents came in?

 ?I _______ for a while and _______ some reading.

 A. was playing;was going to do B. played;did

 C. had played;was going to do D. had played;did

 答案C 解析play动作在came之前,所以用过去完成时态,而do some reading的动作则即将开始。

 例14Sarah, hurry up. I?m afraid you wouldn?t have time to before the party.

 A. get changed B. get change C. get changing D. get to change

 答案A 解析本题考查?连系动词+过去分词?的用法。答案为A。

 六、名词形式变化

 名词的形式变化主要有单数、复数、所有格的变化。这是最简单也是最基本的形式变化,只要注意整体形式的一致性。

 例:therearemanystudentslivingatschool,the(child)housesareallfarfromschoo1.

 由students一词可以判断出横线处应填复数,且作为houses的定语,所以应用其所有格形式,故答案为child的复合变化形式?复数的所有格children?s。

 七、动词形式变化。

 动词的形式变化比较多,有谓语的变化(时态、语态、语气),有非谓语的变化(不定式、动名词、现在分词、过去分词)。这种动词形式的变化,一定要注意个别的变化异样,这种最容易犯错。

 例:atalk(give)tomorrowiswrittenbyprofessorzhang.

 句中的iswritten是整句的谓语,所以横线所在的动词应当用作非谓语。从tomorrow可以看出,报告是?将来?作的,故用不定式;且报告是give动作的承受者,故可以判断出横线所在处用give的不定式被动式?tobegiven。

 八、代词形式变化。

 代词形式变化通常是与人称变化有关的三大类五小类,即人称代词(主格和宾格)、物主代词(形容词性和名词性)、反身代词。另外还有几个不定代词的形式变化,如noone/none、other/another等。这种需要联系句意或者文章,整体把握。

 例:thekingdecidedtoseethepainterby(he).

 由介词by可以看出,横线处应填反身代词himself。

 九、形容词、副词比较级变化。

 英语中大部分形容词和表方式的副词都有原级、比较级和最高级的变化。构成比较级和最高级的方式,或通过加后缀一er和.est,或在词前imore/less和most/least,且形容词的最高级还要冠以the。

 例:iam?(tall)thanliuwen.heisthetalleststudentsinmyclass.

 此题后句交代了liuwen是班上最高的学生,那?我?肯定比他矮,所以不能用taller,只能用表示程度不如的?lesstall?。

 十、上下文中出现的相关词。

 这一招是最为灵活的,但也是最难的。学生可以根据上下文关系和自己积累的知识,填入某个已出现的词,或其反义词,或其同类的某个词。这种时候就需要你的文章内容或是句意的精准理解,要充分把握出题人想表达的意思,才能稳操胜券。

 答案的线索可能在本句,可能出现在上下相连的一句,还可能出现在比较远的地方?上下段中与此段位置大体相当的句子。如果该横线出现在某段的首句,则线索可能在上下段的首句;如果横线出现在某段的末句,则线索可能在上下段的末句,以此类推。

 例:tony____travellingabroad,butdislikesstayinghomewatchingtv.

 由第二句话中的dislikes可以判断,此横线处应该是填其反义词likes。

高中英语语法填空技巧

 语法填空是近年来高考英语科新推出的一种题型,这种题型能全面检测学生在英语词汇、语法,甚至是句法上的运用能力,能更科学地反映学生的英语综合水平。本题型分两种情况:一种为已给单词提示,一种为不给单词提示。本人就这两种情况进行了深入的研究,总结出十三条语法填空的解题技巧。

 一、已给单词提示题型的技巧

 此类题可以考查学生对单词形式变化的掌握程度。单词形式变化主要有两种,一是词的形、数、式的变化,一是词的派生变化。在判断出词的变化之后还应该进一步审题,看是否需要使用复合的变化形式,这一点是很重要的。

 技巧一:名词形式变化。名词的形式变化主要有单数、复数、所有格的变化。 例1:There are many students living at school, the__(child)houses are all far from school.

 由students一词可以判断出横线处应填复数,且作为houses的定语,所以应用其所有格形式,故答案为child的复合变化形式?复数的所有格ehildren's。

 技巧二:动词形式变化。动词的形式变化比较多,有谓语的变化(时态、语态、语气),有非谓语的变化(不定式、动名词、现在分词、过去分词)。 例2:A talk__(give)tomorrow is written by Professor Zhang.

 句中的is是整句的谓语,所以横线所在的动词应当用作非谓语。从tomorrow可以看出,报告是?将来?作的,故用不定式;且报告是give动作的承受者,故可以判断出横线所在处用give的不定式被动式?to be given。

 技巧三:代词形式变化。代词形式变化通常是与人称变化有关的三大类五小类,即人称代词(主格和宾格)、物主代词(形容词性和名词性)、反身代词。另外还有几个不定代词的形式变化,如no one/none、other/another等。 例3:The king decided to see the painter by__(he).

 由介词by可以看出,横线处应填反身代词himself。 技巧四:形容词、副词比较级变化。英语中大部分形容词和表方式的副词都有原级、比较级和最高级的变化。构成比较级和最高级的方式,或通过加后缀-er和-est,或在词前加more/less和most/least,且形容词的绝对最高级还要冠以the。

 例4:I am__(tall)than Liu Wen. He is the tallest students in my class.

 此题后句交代了Liu Wen是班上最高的学生,那?我?肯定比他矮,所以不能用taller,只能用表示程度不如的?less tall?。

 技巧五:数词形式变化。数词的形式变化包括基数词、序数词,或加后缀-teen、-ty的变化,甚至还有作分母用的序数词的单复数形式,以及one/two的特殊变化形式once/twice。

 例5:To my three sons I leave my seventeen horses. My eldest son shall take a half, my second son shall take a__(three)...

 从上下文连续起来理解,这是一个分马的计划,大儿子分得a half,也就是?一半?或?二分之一?,那么二儿子应该得?三分之一?,所以要填人作分母的序数词?third?才能命中目标。 技巧六:词的派生。词的派生现象在英语单词中是很常见的,派生现象主要发生在名词、动词、形容词、副词四种词中。这种题型还有可能检测学生对词根、前后缀、派生词的掌握。

 例6:Lious lost his wallet yesterday, so he was very__(happiness).

 在这道题中,学生很容易判断出该用形容词,由此可知将happiness还原成词根happy;钱包丢了,人应该是不开心的,所以要再加个前缀un-,就成了unhappy。

 二、未给单词提示题型的技巧

 此类题难度较大,但也是有方法对付的。

 技巧七:固定短语结构。根据句中横线前后及整句来判断横线前后是否构成一个固定短语,但有时要对横线前或后的几个单词?视而不见?才能命中答案。 例7:The children were playing on the ground, enjoying__,dirty but happy. 从句中的happy可以猜出孩子们是开心的,所以应用enjoy oneself短语,故其答案为themselves。

 例8:His boss was__angry as to fire him.

 如果?跳过?横线后面的angry,就可以发现这里用到一个关联短语so...as to,所以,so是正解。

高中英语语法的五大基本结构

 1)s十v主谓结构

 2)s十v十p主系表结构

 3)s十v十o主谓宾结构

 4)s十v十o1十o2主谓双宾结构

 5)s十v十o十c主谓宾补结构

 说明:s=主语;v=谓语;p=表语;o=宾语;o1=间接宾语;o2=直接宾语;c=宾语补足语

 五个基本句式详细解释如下:

 1.s十v句式在此句式中,v是不及物动词,又叫自动词(vi.)。例如:

 they listened carefully.他们听得很仔细。

 he suffered from cold and hunger.他挨冻受饿。

 china belongs to the third world country.中国属于第三世界国家。

 2.s十v十p句式在此句式中,v是系动词(linkv.),常见的系动词有:look,seem,appear,sound,feel,taste,smell,grow,get,fallill/asleep,stand/sitstill,become,turn等。

 例如:he is older than he looks.他比看上去要老。

 he seen interested in the book.他似乎对这本书感兴趣。

 3. s十v十o句式在此句式中,v是及物动词(vt.),因此有宾语。例如:

 i saw a film yesterday.我昨天看了一部**。

 have you read the story?你读过这个故事吗?

 they found their home easily.他们很容易找到他们的家。

 4.s十v十o1十o2句式在此句式中,v是带有双宾语的及物动词。常见的须带双宾语的动词有give,ask,bring,offer,send,pay,lend,show,tell,buy,get;rob,warn等。例如:

 he gave me a book/abook tome.他给我一本书。

 he brought me apen/apen tome.他带给我一枝钢笔。

 he offered me his seat/his seat tome.他把座位让给我。

 注意下边动词改写后介词的变化:

 mother bought me a book/abook forme.妈妈给我买了一本书。

 he got me a chair/a chair for me.他给我弄了一把椅子。

 5.s十v十o十c句式在此句式中,v是有宾语补足语的及物动词。常带宾语补足语的词有形容词、副词、介词短语、名词、不定式、现在分词、过去分词。

 常见的可接宾语补足语的动词很多,哪些动词可接哪几种形式作宾补,须根据动词的惯用法而定,不能统而概论。请看下面的例子:

 they made the girl angry.他们使这个女孩生气了。

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